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Paul Caplat. Foto.

Paul Caplat

Forskare

Paul Caplat. Foto.

Interactions between climate change, competition, dispersal, and disturbances in a tree migration model

Författare

  • Paul Caplat
  • Madhur Anand
  • Chris Bauch

Summary, in English

Potentially significant shifts in the geographical patterns of vegetation are an expected result of climate change. However, the importance of local processes (e.g., dispersal, competition, or disturbance) has been often ignored in climate change modeling. We develop an individual-based simulation approach to assess how these mechanisms affect migration rate. We simulate the northward progression of a theoretical tree species when climate change makes northern habitat suitable. We test how the rate of progression is affected by (1) competition with a resident species, (2) interactions with disturbance regimes, (3) species dispersal kernel, and (4) the intensity of climate change over time. Results reveal a strong response of species' expansion rate to the presence of a local competitor, as well as nonlinear effects of disturbance. We discuss these results in light of current knowledge of northern forest dynamics and results found in the climatic research literature.

Publiceringsår

2008

Språk

Engelska

Sidor

209-220

Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie

Theoretical Ecology

Volym

1

Issue

4

Dokumenttyp

Artikel i tidskrift

Förlag

Springer

Ämne

  • Ecology
  • Climate Research

Nyckelord

  • Boreal forest
  • Disturbance regime
  • Forest dynamics
  • Simulation model
  • Species range
  • Tree colonization

Aktiv

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Övrigt

  • ISSN: 1874-1738