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Anders Björkelund

Forskare

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Factors important for health-related quality of life in men and women: The population based SCAPIS study

Författare

  • Max Olsson
  • Anders J. Björkelund
  • Jacob Sandberg
  • Anders Blomberg
  • Mats Börjesson
  • David Currow
  • Andrei Malinovschi
  • Magnus Sköld
  • Per Wollmer
  • Kjell Torén
  • Carl-johan Östgren
  • Gunnar Engström
  • Magnus Ekström

Summary, in English

Introduction
Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is essential for human wellbeing, influenced by a complex interplay of factors, and is reported lower in women than men. We aimed to evaluate which factors were the most important for HRQoL in a middle-aged general population.
Methods
This was a cross-sectional, multi-centre study of 29,212 men (48%) and women (52%) aged 50–64 in the general population in Sweden. Physical and mental HRQoL (0–100) was assessed using the Short Form 12 questionnaire, and association was evaluated for 356 variables including demographics, lifestyle, symptoms, physiological measurements, and health conditions. Using machine learning, each variable´s importance for HRQoL was measured by an importance score, comparable to effect size, and summarised in 54 factors, in men and women separately.
Results
Men and women had similar mean and standard deviation (SD) scores for physical HRQoL (53.4 [SD 8.1] vs 51.4 [9.7]) and mental HRQoL (37.1 [5.0] vs 37.3 [5.4]). The most important factors for physical HRQoL were (importance score) physical activity (40), employment (36), pain (33), sleep (33), and sense of control (26). The most important factors for mental HRQoL were sense of control (18), physical activity (12), depression (12), pain (6), and employment (5).
Conclusions
The factors important for HRQoL identified by this study are likely to be amenable to interventions, and our findings can support prioritising interventions. The identified factors need to be a target even before middle-age to lay the foundation for long and happy lives.

Avdelning/ar

  • Lungmedicin, allergologi och palliativ medicin
  • Andfåddhet och kronisk andningssvikt
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health
  • Beräkningsvetenskap för hälsa och miljö
  • Centrum för miljö- och klimatvetenskap (CEC)
  • Klinisk fysiologi och nuklearmedicin, Malmö
  • LTH profilområde: Aerosoler
  • Kardiovaskulär forskning - epidemiologi
  • Palliativt Utvecklingscentrum

Publiceringsår

2023-11-03

Språk

Engelska

Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie

PLoS ONE

Volym

18

Issue

11

Dokumenttyp

Artikel i tidskrift

Förlag

Public Library of Science (PLoS)

Ämne

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Nyckelord

  • livskvalitet

Aktiv

Published

Projekt

  • AIR Lund - Artificially Intelligent use of Registers

Forskningsgrupp

  • Breathlessness and chronic respiratory failure
  • Computational Science for Health and Environment
  • Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Malmö
  • Cardiovascular Research - Epidemiology
  • The Institute for Palliative Care

ISBN/ISSN/Övrigt

  • ISSN: 1932-6203