Webbläsaren som du använder stöds inte av denna webbplats. Alla versioner av Internet Explorer stöds inte längre, av oss eller Microsoft (läs mer här: * https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Var god och använd en modern webbläsare för att ta del av denna webbplats, som t.ex. nyaste versioner av Edge, Chrome, Firefox eller Safari osv.

Default user image.

Anders Björkelund

Forskare

Default user image.

Factors most strongly associated with breathlessness in a population aged 50–64 years

Författare

  • Max Olsson
  • Anders j Björkelund
  • Jacob Sandberg
  • Anders Blomberg
  • Mats Börjesson
  • David Currow
  • Andrei Malinovschi
  • Magnus Sköld
  • Per Wollmer
  • Kjell Torén
  • Carl johan Östgren
  • Gunnar Engström
  • Magnus Ekström

Summary, in English

Background: Breathlessness is a troublesome and prevalent symptom in the population, but knowledge of related factors is scarce. The aim of this study was to identify the factors most strongly associated with breathlessness in the general population and to describe the shapes of the associations between the main factors and breathlessness.
Methods: a cross-sectional analysis of the multicentre population-based Swedish
CArdioPulmonary bioImage Study (SCAPIS) of adults aged 50 to 64 years. Breathlessness was defined as a modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) breathlessness rating ≥2. The machine-learning algorithm extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) was used to classify participants as either breathless or nonbreathless using 449 factors, including physiological measurements, blood samples, computer tomography cardiac and lung measurements, lifestyle, health conditions, and socioeconomics. The strength of the associations between the
factors and breathlessness were measured by SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP), with higher scores reflecting stronger associations.
Results: A total of 28,730 participants (52% women) were included in the study. The strongest associated factors for breathlessness were (in order of magnitude): body mass index (BMI; [SHAP score] 0.39), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1; 0.32), physical activity measured by accelerometery (0.27), sleep apnoea (0.22), diffusing lung capacity for carbon monoxide (0.21), self-reported physical activity (0.17), chest pain when hurrying (0.17), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (0.17), recent weight change (0.14), and cough (0.13).
Conclusion: This large population-based study of men and women aged 50 - 64 years identified the main factors related to breathlessness that may be prevented or amenable to public health interventions.

Avdelning/ar

  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health
  • Andfåddhet och kronisk andningssvikt
  • Lungmedicin, allergologi och palliativ medicin
  • Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Lund
  • Beräkningsvetenskap för hälsa och miljö
  • Centrum för miljö- och klimatvetenskap (CEC)
  • LTH profilområde: Aerosoler
  • Klinisk fysiologi och nuklearmedicin, Malmö
  • Institutionen för translationell medicin
  • Kardiovaskulär forskning - epidemiologi
  • Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Malmö

Publiceringsår

2024

Språk

Engelska

Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie

ERJ open research

Volym

10

Issue

2

Dokumenttyp

Artikel i tidskrift

Förlag

European Respiratory Society

Ämne

  • Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Nyckelord

  • breathlessness
  • dyspnea
  • factors
  • machine learning

Aktiv

Published

Projekt

  • AIR Lund - Artificially Intelligent use of Registers
  • Breathe-AI: Evaluation of breathlessness and quality of life in the population using machine learning.

Forskningsgrupp

  • Breathlessness and chronic respiratory failure
  • Computational Science for Health and Environment
  • Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Malmö
  • Cardiovascular Research - Epidemiology

ISBN/ISSN/Övrigt

  • ISSN: 2312-0541