Natascha Kljun. Photo.

Natascha Kljun

Professor

Natascha Kljun. Photo.

Arable lands

Author

  • Balázs Grosz
  • Györgyi Gelybó
  • Galina Churkina
  • László Haszpra
  • Dóra Hidy
  • László Horváth
  • Anikó Kern
  • Natascha Kljun
  • Attila Machon
  • László Pásztor
  • Zoltán Barcza

Summary, in English

Three different, state-of-the-art biogeochemical models are adapted in order to quantify the carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N 2O), and methane (CH4) exchanges between arable lands and the atmosphere. Biome-BGC and MOD17 are validated using the long-term measurement results from Hegyhátsál tall tower site (Western Hungary). After a simple bias correction, it was found that Biome-BGC is capable to describe the net ecosystem exchange (NEE) of Hungarian arable lands. The model is used to estimate the net primary production (NPP) and the net biome production (NBP) in the vicinity of the tall tower for the period of 1997-2008. The validation of MOD17 shows that the model is suitable to describe the gross primary production (GPP) of arable lands, although the model has limitations in years with higher precipitation amount. Introducing a new method MOD17 is downscaled to 250 m resolution, which is close to the size of agricultural parcels in the region. The downscaling helps us to better understand the biogeochemical processes of individual parcels with different crop cultivars. The DNDC model is parameterized using country-specific fertilizer input and climate data to provide estimates of the N2O and CH4 emissions for different crop cultivars. Sensitivity analysis was performed to find the most important parameters needed for accurate emission estimation. The results show that N2O emission is highly variable for the different crop types, and it has significant contribution to the GHG balance of arable lands. Methane has bidirectional fluxes and arable lands were generally net sinks of CH4 in the study period (2002-2004).

Publishing year

2011-12-01

Language

English

Pages

263-293

Publication/Series

Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases : The Hungarian Perspective

Document type

Book chapter

Publisher

Springer

Topic

  • Physical Geography

Keywords

  • Biogeochemical models
  • greenhouse gases
  • net ecosystem exchange
  • net primary production
  • nitrification/denitrification

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISBN: 978-90-481-9949-5
  • ISBN: 978-90-481-9950-1