The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Photo of Mattias Ohlsson

Mattias Ohlsson

Professor

Photo of Mattias Ohlsson

Prior electrocardiograms not useful for machine learning predictions of major adverse cardiac events in emergency department chest pain patients

Author

  • Axel Nyström
  • Pontus Olsson de Capretz
  • Anders Björkelund
  • Jakob Lundager Forberg
  • Mattias Ohlsson
  • Jonas Björk
  • Ulf Ekelund

Summary, in English

At the emergency department (ED), it is important to quickly and accurately determine which patients are likely to have a major adverse cardiac event (MACE). Machine learning (ML) models can be used to aid physicians in detecting MACE, and improving the performance of such models is an active area of research. In this study, we sought to determine if ML models can be improved by including a prior electrocardiogram (ECG) from each patient. To that end, we trained several models to predict MACE within 30 days, both with and without prior ECGs, using data collected from 19,499 consecutive patients with chest pain, from five EDs in southern Sweden, between the years 2017 and 2018. Our results indicate no improvement in AUC from prior ECGs. This was consistent across models, both with and without additional clinical input variables, for different patient subgroups, and for different subsets of the outcome. While contradicting current best practices for manual ECG analysis, the results are positive in the sense that ML models with fewer inputs are more easily and widely applicable in practice.

Department/s

  • EPI@LUND
  • Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University
  • Emergency medicine
  • Centre for Environmental and Climate Science (CEC)
  • LU Profile Area: Natural and Artificial Cognition
  • eSSENCE: The e-Science Collaboration
  • Artificial Intelligence in CardioThoracic Sciences (AICTS)
  • Surgery and public health
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health

Publishing year

2024

Language

English

Pages

42-51

Publication/Series

Journal of Electrocardiology

Volume

82

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Elsevier

Topic

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Status

Published

Project

  • AIR Lund - Artificially Intelligent use of Registers

Research group

  • EPI@LUND
  • Emergency medicine
  • Artificial Intelligence in CardioThoracic Sciences (AICTS)
  • Surgery and public health

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1532-8430