The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here:

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.


Multifunctional Agriculture: Harnessing Biodiversity for Sustaining Agricultural Production and Ecosystem Services. Strong Research Environment 2010–2015.

The research environment SAPES was officially finalized in December 2015, but our research on biodiversity and ecosystem services in agro-ecosystems continues in other projects.


Field road between flowering oil-seed rape fields. Photo.

SAPES is a research environment combining ecological and socio-economic research. Our goals are to increase the understanding of interactions between farmer’s choices, agricultural land-use, biodiversity and ecosystem services, and to create state-of-the-art decision support tools to aid adaptive governance of agro-ecosystems.

Our aim is to understand how land-use and farm management affect farmland biodiversity and thus, ecosystem services. We are also interested to learn more about the factors influencing farmer’s decision making. This information will then be used to generate agri-environment schemes that are better adapted to benefit farmers, biodiversity and ecosystem services. Finally, we will provide decision-makers with support tools that can be used to guide the development towards more applicable and implementable measures and schemes that benefit ecosystem services.


Lund University logotype
Logotype for the Swedish Agricultural University in Uppsala.
Stockholm University's logotype.

SAPES is a collaboration between Lund University, Stockholm University and the Swedish Agricultural University in Uppsala. Together we develop a strong research environment working for a sustainable agriculture where biodiversity and ecosystem services are managed as assets to society.

SAPES as a strong research environment is financed for the five-year period 2010–2015 by the Swedish Research Council FORMAS and involves about 30 researchers and 20 PhD students from ecology, agronomy and economy.

We welcome you to browse through this webpage and to learn more about SAPES and our research!