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Deniz Koca. Foto.

Deniz Koca


Deniz Koca. Foto.

Potentiale und Kernergebnisse der Simulationen von Ressourcen-schonung(spolitik) : Endbericht des Projekts „Modelle, Potentiale und Langfristszenarien für Ressourceneffizienz“ (Sim-Ress)

Potentials and Main Results from Simulations of Resource-efficiency (policy)


  • Martin Hirschnitz-Garbers
  • Martin Distelkamp
  • Deniz Koca
  • Mark Meyer
  • Harald Sverdrup

Summary, in English

Human use of natural resources poses a great challenge to social-ecological and socio-technical sys- tems alike: supply risks, pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions, waste generation on the one hand, but also issues of global justice and societal well-being on the other hand. In order to test potential im- pacts of developments and strategies relevant to resource policy, the SimRess project first identified trends that positively or negatively affect resource use in Germany and globally in the future. These trends were then incorporated into resource relevant scenarios (without as well as with assumptions of further resource and climate policy measures), which served as frames for simulating potential im- pacts via the econometric model GINFORS3 and the system dynamic model WORLD6 as well as through a soft-link of both models.
The simulation results show on the one hand that continuing existing resource policy efforts on na- tional and international level will remain an important contribution to increasing resource productiv- ity and economic development. On the other hand, however, it was found that achieving targets for per-capita resource use, as called for by national and international sustainability scholars, needs a much greater level of ambition in national and international resource policy. This demands widening resource policy’s focus from increasing productivity in production structures to also tackling changes in consumption and investment patterns. Correspondingly, it seems important to expand the toolkit of resource policy instruments to much more integrate both economic and regulatory measures.


  • Centrum för miljö- och klimatvetenskap (CEC)












  • Environmental Sciences



Report number