Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Biodiversity and ecosystem services in farmland

Trees at the edge of a field with green crops. Photo.

Recent declines of farmland biodiversity, mainly caused by agricultural intensification, threaten cultural values of farmland and as well as ecosystem services underpinned by biodiversity. A major challenge is to meet growing demands for food and fibre, while halting and/or reversing biodiversity declines. Our research focuses on how to conserve farmland biodiversity as well as how biodiversity conservation contributes to ecosystem services. By increasing the use of ecosystem services benefitting agriculture, it may be possible to replace external inputs, such as inorganic fertilizers and pesticides, while maintaining or even increasing agricultural production. We use a variety of approaches – controlled experiments, landscape-ecological studies, modelling – to investigate consequences of farm management on biodiversity and ecosystem services such as pollination and biological control.

Pollination ecology

In a cross-disciplinary effort we investigate consequences of managing multiple interacting ecosystem services benefitting both farmers and society at large and study implications for the governance of agricultural landscapes. We develop approaches to compile different sources of evidence use them in ecological models that account for the uncertainty. A particular focus has been to evaluate the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), for example in the form of Agri-Environment Schemes (AES) that compensate farmers for environmentally friendly management. Using agent-based models, we investigate how agricultural policies affect farmers’ decisions concerning land-use and management. By combining these approaches in ecological-economic models, we evaluate alternative policy and management options.

SAPES research environment 

MULTAGRI project