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Johanna Alkan Olsson outdoors. Photo.

Johanna Alkan Olsson

Social environmental scientist

Johanna Alkan Olsson outdoors. Photo.

Use of participatory scenario modeling as platforms in stakeholder dialogues


  • Lotta Andersson
  • Anna Jonsson
  • Julie Wilk
  • Johanna Alkan Olsson


  • Shahbaz Khan
  • Huber Savenije
  • Siegfried Demuth
  • Pierre Hubert

Summary, in English

Water related problems are characterized by complexities, uncertainties, and conflicting interests and there is no single “optimal” way to approach these “wicked” problems. Model-assisted participatory processes have been suggested as one way to meet these challenges. However, the use of models as a
scenario tools for local planning of mitigation and adaptation strategies addressing environmental challenges is more often an exception than a common practice. In order to assess future possibilities for successful use
of participatory scenario modelling, experiences from two model-facilitated projects are presented and discussed. The participatory scenario modelling described in this paper, implies modelling with people, as opposed to agent based modelling which is based on modelling of people’s behaviour and its consequences. In the first project, a participatory model-assisted process was conducted to formulate a locally proposed remedy plan to reduce nitrogen and phosphorus loads in local lakes and the coastal zone. In the second project, a similar process was used to formulate local adaptation strategies to climate change impacts on water allocation, farming and the environment. Based on the experiences of these projects; recommendations are made to how model-assisted participatory processes can best be organised and conducted. A key message is that modellers need to rethink their role as “solution providers” to become “process facilitators”.


  • LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies)

Publishing year





IAHS Publication

Document type

Report chapter


IAHS Press


  • Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
  • Social and Economic Geography



Report number



  • ISSN: 0144-7815
  • ISBN: 978-1907161117