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Portrait of Henrik Smith. Photo.

Henrik Smith


Portrait of Henrik Smith. Photo.

CropPol : a dynamic, open and global database on crop pollination


  • Alfonso Allen-Perkins
  • Ainhoa Magrach
  • Matteo Dainese
  • Lucas A Garibaldi
  • David Kleijn
  • Romina Rader
  • James R Reilly
  • Rachael Winfree
  • Ola Lundin
  • Carley M McGrady
  • Claire Brittain
  • David J Biddinger
  • Derek R Artz
  • Elizabeth Elle
  • George Hoffman
  • James D Ellis
  • Jaret Daniels
  • Jason Gibbs
  • Joshua W Campbell
  • Julia Brokaw
  • Julianna K Wilson
  • Keith Mason
  • Kimiora L Ward
  • Knute B Gundersen
  • Kyle Bobiwash
  • Larry Gut
  • Logan M Rowe
  • Natalie K Boyle
  • Neal M Williams
  • Neelendra K Joshi
  • Nikki Rothwell
  • Robert L Gillespie
  • Rufus Isaacs
  • Shelby J Fleischer
  • Stephen S Peterson
  • Sujaya Rao
  • Theresa L Pitts-Singer
  • Thijs Fijen
  • Virginie Boreux
  • Maj Rundlöf
  • Henrik G Smith
  • Riccardo Bommarco
  • Charlie C Nicholson
  • Rebecca I A Stewart
  • Jessica D Petersen
  • Georg K S Andersson
  • Johan Ekroos
  • Lovisa Nilsson
  • Jessica Knapp

Summary, in English

Seventy five percent of the world's food crops benefit from insect pollination. Hence, there has been increased interest in how global change drivers impact this critical ecosystem service. Because standardized data on crop pollination are rarely available, we are limited in our capacity to understand the variation in pollination benefits to crop yield, as well as to anticipate changes in this service, develop predictions, and inform management actions. Here, we present CropPol, a dynamic, open and global database on crop pollination. It contains measurements recorded from 202 crop studies, covering 3,394 field observations, 2,552 yield measurements (i.e. berry weight, number of fruits and kg per hectare, among others), and 47,752 insect records from 48 commercial crops distributed around the globe. CropPol comprises 32 of the 87 leading global crops and commodities that are pollinator dependent. Malus domestica is the most represented crop (32 studies), followed by Brassica napus (22 studies), Vaccinium corymbosum (13 studies), and Citrullus lanatus (12 studies). The most abundant pollinator guilds recorded are honey bees (34.22% counts), bumblebees (19.19%), flies other than Syrphidae and Bombyliidae (13.18%), other wild bees (13.13%), beetles (10.97%), Syrphidae (4.87%), and Bombyliidae (0.05%). Locations comprise 34 countries distributed among Europe (76 studies), Northern America (60), Latin America and the Caribbean (29), Asia (20), Oceania (10), and Africa (7). Sampling spans three decades and is concentrated on 2001-05 (21 studies), 2006-10 (40), 2011-15 (88), and 2016-20 (50). This is the most comprehensive open global data set on measurements of crop flower visitors, crop pollinators and pollination to date, and we encourage researchers to add more datasets to this database in the future. This data set is released for non-commercial use only. Credits should be given to this paper (i.e., proper citation), and the products generated with this database should be shared under the same license terms (CC BY-NC-SA). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.


  • Biodiversity and Conservation Science
  • Biodiversity
  • BECC: Biodiversity and Ecosystem services in a Changing Climate
  • Lund university sustainability forum
  • Centre for Environmental and Climate Science (CEC)
  • Division aquatic ecology

Publishing year










Document type

Journal article


Ecological Society of America


  • Agricultural Science
  • Ecology



Research group

  • Biodiversity and Conservation Science


  • ISSN: 0012-9658