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Anna Ekberg. Photo.

Anna Ekberg

Project coordinator

Anna Ekberg. Photo.

Seasonal variation in biogenic volatile organic compound (BVOC) emissions from Norway spruce in a Swedish boreal forest


  • Min Wang
  • Guy Schurgers
  • Almut Arneth
  • Anna Ekberg
  • Thomas Holst

Summary, in English

Terpene emissions from the top-canopy layer (at 20 m) of one 118-year-old Norway spruce tree were measured between June and September 2013 using a branch chamber. Total terpene emissions varied from 0.05 to 332.5 μg gdw -1 h-1 with a peak in August. Monoterpenes dominated throughout the summer and on average accounted for 65% of the total terpene mass, followed by sesquiterpenes (29%) and isoprene (6%). The values obtained with an optimized hybrid model, assuming the partitioning of monoterpene emissions from both de novo synthesis and storage structures, were in good agreement with the observed emissions (Pearson’s r = 0.94) at the branch level. De novo monoterpene emissions were found to dominate in all campaigns (> 50%) with almost 100% in June. The highest standardized (30 °C, 1000 μmol photons m-2 s-1) monoterpene emission rate was 210.3 μg gdw -1 h-1 in August, followed by that in June (68.8 μg gdw -1 h-1). Therefore, both de-novo-synthesis and long-term observations that include seasonal variations are needed for accurately upscaling terpene emissions.


  • Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
  • Centre for Environmental and Climate Science (CEC)
  • BECC - Biodiversity and Ecosystem services in a Changing Climate

Publishing year







Boreal Environment Research



Document type

Journal article


Finnish Zoological and Botanical Publishing Board


  • Physical Geography




  • Sesquiterpene emissions from boreal forest, and their interactions with climate and tropospheric chemistry


  • ISSN: 1239-6095